The reflection of splenic visceral peritoneum onto the renal fascia is called splenorenal ligament and is easily felt by slipping the fingers around the posterior lip of the spleen. It is incised along the dashed line to mobilize the spleen along the plane of embryonic fusion fascia.
The splenic flexure of the colon is usually tucked into the pocket formed by stomach, kidney and spleen, but the apex of the flexure is variable in position. The flexure is attached to the skirt of the diaphragm at the upper end of the lateral peritoneal reflection and forms a sling upon which the lower pole of the spleen rests. The lower pole of the spleen is secondarily attached to the colon (and overlying omentum) by the splenocolic ligament.
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